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Anabolic Steroids

"Anabolic steroids" is the familiar name for synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones (androgens). They promote the growth of skeletal muscle (anabolic effects) and the development of male sexual characteristics (androgenic effects), and also have some other effects. The term "anabolic steroids" will be used through-out this report because of its familiarity, although the proper term for these compounds is "anabolic-androgenic" steroids.

Anabolic steroids were developed in the late 1930s primarily to treat hypogonadism, a condition in which the testes do not produce sufficient testosterone for normal growth, development, and sexual functioning. The primary medical uses of these compounds are to treat delayed puberty, some types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by HIV infection or other diseases.

During the 1930s, scientists discovered that anabolic steroids could facilitate the growth of skeletal muscle in laboratory animals, which led to use of the compounds first by bodybuilders and weightlifters and then by athletes in other sports. Steroid abuse has become so widespread in athletics that it affects the outcome of sports contests.

More than 100 different anabolic steroids have been developed, but they require a prescription to be used legally in the United States. Most steroids that are used illegally are smuggled in from other countries, illegally diverted from U.S. pharmacies, or synthesized in clandestine laboratories.

Steroid Pros and Cons

Commonly associated Positive and Negative side effects of Anabolic Steroid use.

As you can see, the Negatives far out weigh the Positives.  Take a good look and see what you are willing to risk.



Commonly Reported Negative Effects:

Both Sexes:

  • Increased risk of mood disturbances including mania and depression
  • Increased risk of psychosis
  • Increased risk of aggressive acts which may injure self or others
  • Increased risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Increased risk of liver disease and cancer
  • Increased risk of kidney disease and cancer
  • Risk of HIV and Hepatitis B & C from contaminated needles
  • Acne
  • Bad breath
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Baldness
  • Water retention
  • Muscle cramps
  • Aching joints
  • Increased risk of muscle tears
  • Increased risk of tendon injuries
  • Increased risk of nose bleeds
  • Insomnia
  • Decrease in immune system effectiveness
  • Infertility


  • Increased risk of prostate enlargement and cancer
  • Decreased testicular size
  • Gynecomastia (growth of breasts)


  • Increased risk of cervical and endometrial cancer
  • Increased risk of osteoporosis
  • Irreversible enlargement of the clitoris
  • Irreversible hoarsening and deepening of the voice
  • Irreversible increase in facial and body hair
  • Decreased breast size
  • Amenorrhea
  • Uterine atrophy


  • Short Stature
  • Premature ephiphyseal closure

Commonly Reported Positive Effects:
  • Increased leanness / muscle definition
  • Increased muscle mass / weight
  • Increased strength
  • Increased effectiveness of training
  • Improved recovery rate
  • Euphoria
  • Increased aggressiveness
  • Increased sex drive


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Disclaimer: This information is for entertainment purposes only. We strongly recommend that you consult a physician before beginning any exercise program. is not a licensed medical care provider. The reader should understand that participating in any exercise program can result in physical injury and agrees to do so at his own risk. The findings and opinions of authors expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily state or reflect those of

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